Targeted interventions for young drinkers/substance abusers
Following this month's developing theme of targeted interventions for young drinkers/substance abusers, and earlier articles in Prevention Update, here are four related studies. Two of these evaluate the 'Preventure' short intervention programme which targets young people with high scores on four personality dimensions: hopelessness, anxiety/sensitivity, impulsivity and sensation-seeking. O'Leary-Barrett et al used 21 randomly selected UK schools in London. Patricia Conrod et al studied a more selective group of 2,530 London pupils. Both studies had very promising results. McCambridge et al employed motivational interviewing for universal protection with 416 older London teenagers with inconclusive results. However, more positive results for the same approach came from Daeppen et al. in Switzerland.
- Personality-Targeted Interventions Delay Uptake of Drinking and Decrease Risk of Alcohol-Related Problems When Delivered by Teachers - O'Leary-Barrett et al. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
- Long-term effects of a personality-targeted intervention to reduce alcohol use in adolescents - Conrod et al. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
- Cluster randomised trial of the effectiveness of Motivational Interviewing for universal prevention - McCambridge et al. Drug and Alcohol Dependence
- Efficacy of brief motivational intervention in reducing binge drinking in young men: A randomized controlled trial - Daeppen et al. Drug and Alcohol Dependence